ROBERT FIRTH DIARY

 

Jan 1 1865 (age 36)

Transcribed by Boyd Pratt

 

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January

1      Sundy rather quiet wether every thing quiet

2      Mo fine wether working in the barn Dick out at the sheepery [?]

3      Tu Raining very hard all day working in the barn Dick came home and brought dear with him

4      We Blowing very hard all day mee an Dick haling fire wood

5      Th fine wether mee and Dick thrasing

6      Fr rather dull wether still thrashing

     7  Sa fine wether I went to peter’s[1] after an ox yoke Dick[2] usefully employed

8  Sundy Dull wether every thing quiet

9  Mo fine wether ploughing in the garden

10 Tu Dull wether and cold Comensed to plough in the little field[3]

11 We fine wether plowing

12 Th fine wether plowing

13 Fr fine wether went to the went to the Sheep Station[4] Dick halling fire wood

14 Sa fine wether plowing

15 Su fine wether every thing quiet Dick went to the Sheep Station with a fortnight provishons to the sheeperd

16   Mo raning hard all day working about the house

17   Tu fine wether went to the to the new station[5] after some pigs

18   We cold rain and sleet threshing

19   Th fine wether ploughing

20   Fri fine wether ploughing

21   Sa fine wether frosty bought my cart home took down my pigs from the quarters and lock[?] home a lod of wood

22   Su fine hard frost went to the Chandler prary[6] after the pebly mair

23   Mu fine hard frost Dick went to the sheep station I went to hobes[7] and sold the white horse

24   Tu fine hard frost halling wood

25   We fine hard frost halling wood

26   Th fine hard frost haling wood heavy snow all night

27   Fr raining hard all day threshing

28   Sa raining in the fornoon afternoon fine went to Hobs after a calf

29   Su driziling rain all day

30   Mu fine wether working in the barn

Tu Blowing very hard all day down town paying the indian woman

 

1      We fine wether avode about four unches of snow upon the ground went to the Consu[?]

2      Th fine frost and snow working about hay stack[?]

3      Fr fine still frost and snow

 

February

1      We still blowing filling potatoes for MCy[?][8]

2      Th fine above with plenty of snow went to the Qanakas[9]

3      Fr frost and snow working about the sha[?]

4      Sa frost and snow threshing

5      Su hard frost went to the sheep station with Dick to be shephard

6      Mo still frosty thrashing

7      Tu still frosty went to the new station to seperate the sheep stayed all night

8      We still frosty came home and finished the day amongst the sheep

9      Th fine wether at plough

10   Fr fine wether at plough with Capten wolfs[10] boy little man went to the station

11   Sa fine wether at plough in the fore noon filling up and sending down Fletts[11] potatoes little man[12] went to the sheep station with rations to Dick

12   Su Fine wether all quiet

13   Mo raining and bowing very hard working in the barn

14   Tu blowing very hard threshing

15   We blowing very hard threshing

16   Th blowing very hard threshing

17   Fr blowing very hard threshing

18   Sa fine wether plowing in the fore noon halling wood in the afternoon

19   Su fine wether went to towen[13] with the cart for a barel of fish

20   Mu fine wether went to the new station with little man as sheperd

21   Tu fine wether did nothing

22   We fine wether working in potatoes

23   Th blowing cold finished plough in the little field

24   Fr fine wether comensed plough in the big field

25   Sa fine wether plough in the fornon Dick went to the new station with provishons to the sheepard

26   Su blowing very cold me and Dick went to the Chandler for cows

27   Mu blowing hard with snow showers taking in potatoes Dick halling wood

28   Tu Snow with very hard frost

 

March

1       We very cold frost and snow threshing

2       Th very cold frost and snow with high wind halling wood for Barker[14]

3       Fr rather milder comensed to thaw working about[?]

4       Sa High wind with havy showers of slet halling wood Dick went to the sheep station

5       Su high wind heavy dashes of sleet and rain

6       Mu heavy snow and frost halling wood for Barker

7       Tu snowing and blowing very hard cleaning oats

8       We hard frost and snow cleaning oats

9       Th slet and snow all day went to hobes point[15] to look for a cow no good

10    Fr sleet and rain Dick found the cow and calf I went to new station in the afternoon stoped all night

11    Sa high winds with showers of rain I went to the lime kill[16] found a sheep killed by dogs

12    Su dry winds found Dick dead on the praire

13    Mu fine wether buried Dick one of my cows died

14    Tu high winds with heavy showers of rain halled down the cow and and skinned her

15    We drisling rain went to peters for straw

16    Th dry wind halling wood

17    Fr fine wether plowing st pathric’s day

18    Sa high winds with dashes of showers

19    Su fine wether every thing quiet

20    Mu cold wins plowing

21    Tu high winds with havy dashes of snow plowing

22    We cold wind halling dung to Mr Mrc[?]

23    Th drisling rain all day halling dung

24    Fr fine wether

25    Sa fine wether plowing to Mr Mercer[17]

26    Su fine wether every thing quiet

27    Mu fine wether plowing to Mr Mercer

28    Tu fine wether took fridy cow out of the mire in the fore plow in the after non

29    We fine wether plow in the fore non put in some potatoes for Mr Mercer in the afternon

30    Th fine wether plough all day

31    Fr fine wether at plough got a lod of straw

 

April

1       Sa blowing very hard halling wood to Barker in the fore noon went to the sheep station in the afternoon

2       Su fine wether came home from the station[?]

3       Mu fine wether at plough all day

4       Tu fine wether at plough

5       We fine wether sowing oats in the litle field

6       Th fine wether finished sowing the litle field

7       Fr fine at harrow in the litle field

8       Sa fine wether planting potatoes

9       Su fine wether went to the newstation

10    Mu fine wether plowing at the newstation

11    Tu fine wether planting potatos at the station

12    We fine wether finished at the newstation

13    Th fine wether went to John W[18] after feed

14    Fr fine wether washing my old oxen

15    Sa fine wether planting potatoes

16    Su fine wether every thing quiet

17    Mu very high winds working about the house

18    Tu very high winds thinking to go to victoria

19    We fine wether went to victoria

20    Th in victoria

21    Fr fine wether came home from victoria

22    Sa fine wether taking up my thing from town

23    Su blowing hard Sent out a months flower to little man

24    Mu fine wether sowing pees

25    Tu fine wether repairing fainsing

26    We fine wether sowing oats

27    Th fine wether sowing oats an repairing fainsing

28    Fr raining all day

29    Th fine wether helping Capten Wolf to alter his lambs went to the newstation afternoon

30    Su fine wether at the newstation altering lambs

 

May

1       Mu fine wether finished harrowing the lar[g?]e field

2       Tu fine wether could not find my oxen

3       We fine wether plowing in the large field

4       Th fine wether planting potatoes

5       Fr very warm planting potatoes

6       Sa very warm finished planting potatoes

7       Su very warm took a walk to town

8       Mu fine wether sowing carots

9       Tu very warm harowing potatoes and sowing turnips

10    We fine wether plowing in the litle field for turnips

11    Th fine wether sowing turnips

12    Fr fine wether plowing in the large field

13    Sa fine wether plowing

14    Su fine wether went to town with the slade[?]

15    Mu fine wether working about the house

16    Tu drisling rain all day helping Capten Wolf to turn over his sheep to Mr Bowker[19]

17    We fine wether at plough

18    Th fine wether sowing oats

19    Fr fine wether finished harow and roll

20    Sa fine wether working at the sheep wash

21    Su fine wether came home from the station and shiped 10 sheep for victoria

22    Mu fine wether taking licknesses[?] and working in the garding

23    Tu fine wether working at the sheep wash

24    We blowing hard working in the garding[?]

25    Th fine wether planting cabage

26    Fr fine wether repairing fansing

27    Sa fine wether hunting horses

28    Su fine wether every thing quiet

29    Mu fine wether sent ten weders to Victoria

30    Tu fine wether washing sheep

31    We fine wether howing potatoes

 

June

1       Th fine wether fixing the barn for shearing

2       Fr fine wether comensed shearing sheep

3       Sa fine wether shearing

4       Su fine wether looking after the sheep

5       Mu raining a litle went to the electon

6       Tu fine wether shearing sheep

7       We fine wether shearring sheep

8       Th fine wether finished the sheep

9       Fr fine wether howing potatoes

10    Sa fine wether went out with the sheep

11    Su a litle rain went out with barker sheep

12    Mu fine wether went to town with the slade

13    Tu fine weather working in the garding

14    We raining in the morning plowing potatoes

15    Th fine wether howing potatoes

16    Fr fine wether working in the garding

17    Sa fine wether halled one load of bark and fixed my cart

18    Su a litle rain at noon went to the country with the cart

19    Mu fine wether halling bark

20    Tu fine wether halling bark

21    We fine wether halling bark

22    Th fine wether haling rails

23    Fr fine wether went to the country with my old oxen

24    Sa fine wether working about the ho[use?]

25    Su fine wether every thing quiet

26    Mu fine wether fixing a cow[?] pend[?]

27    Tu fine wether sent of some pigs

28    We fine wether howing potatoes

29    Th fine wether howing potatoes

30    Fr fine wether working about the house

 

July

1       Sa fine wether went to the scool meeting from thair to the sheep station all night

2       Su fine wether came home from the station

3       Mu fine wethe working about the house

4       Tu fine wether some sport to day

5       We fine wether very litle work done

6       Th fine wether hunting rams

7       Fr fine wether went to the cuntry with Miss Fleming[20] from thair to the station

8       Sa fine wether howing potatoes

9       Su fine wether went to peters a litle rain night

10    Mu fine wether working about the house

11    Tu fine wether ploughing potatoes

12    We fine wether working at the scool

13    Th fine wether working at the scool

14    Fr fine wether out in the cuntry with oxen

15    Sa fine wether out at the new station with sheep thunder and lightning in the evening with rain

16    Su raining hard all day

17    Mu fine wether comensed to cut oats in litle field

18    Tu fine wether cuting oats

19    We fine wether cuting oats

20    Th fine wether cuting in the large field

21    Fr fine wether cuting hay

22    Sa fine wether sacking up my oats

Su fine wether

23    Su raning in the morning

24    Mu fine wether cuting oats at the station

25    Tu fine wether racking hay

26    We fine wether cuting hay

27    Th fine wether cuting hay half a day

28    Fr fine wether racking hay

29    Sa fine wether at the new station racking oats took home spring[21] with a calf

30    Su fine wether packing woll

31    Mu fine wether cutting hay

 

August

1       Tu fine wether carting hay

2       We fine wether finished cuting

3       Th fine wether racking hay

4       Fr fine wether tacking in the mairs

5       Sa fine wether tacking in the mairs

6       Su fine wether toock in the last of the mairs

7       Mu fine wether working about the house

8       Tu fine wether shiped the mairs

9       We fine wether out with Bowker

10    Th fine wether working in the hay

11    Fr fine wether halling hay

12    Sa fine wether halling hay

13    Su fine wether went to town with the slade

14    Mu fine wether halling hay

15    Tu fine wether finished halling hay

16    We fine wether went to the new station with the cart

17    Th fine wether finished at the station

18    Fr fine wether looking after my rams

19    Sa fine wether went to the station with a month provishons to the sheperd

20    Su fine wether went to captain thorenton[?][22]

21    Mu fine wether waiting for captain thorenton all day Sent my pigs of in the evening

22    Tu rather damp

23    We rather wet

24    Th fine wether binding oats to freser[23]

25    Fr fine wether cuting peas

26    Sa fine wether cuting peas

27    Su blowing very hard took a walk to town in the evening

28    Mu fine wether cuting peas

29    Tu fine wether finished the peas

30    We fine wether cuting oats

31    Th fine wether cuting oats

 

September

1       Fr rather damp working in the peas Spring went away

2       Sa fine wether house keeper

3       Su fine wether went to the new station

4       Mu fine wether took in my lambs

5       Tu wet wether

6       We fine wether turning and halling peas

7       Th fine wether sorting my sheep

8       Fr fine wether finished halling peas and racked some oats

9       Sa raining went to the new station

10    Su fine wether took a walk to town

11    Mu wet wether blowing very hard at night

12    Tu rather damp cutting a litle oats

13    We raining working about the house

14    Th raining working about the house

15    Fr rather damp went to town afternoon [?]

16    Sa fine wether went to the new Station with a months provishon to shepd

17    Su fine wether came home from the station

18    Mu fine wether racking oats

19    Tu fine wether racking oats

20    We raining Mary Jane came acroos

21    Th fine wether turning my oats

22    Fr fine wether taking in my oats

23    Sa dull wether went to Mr fraser rain in the after noon

24    Su fine wether every thing quiet

25    Mu damp full wether

26    Tu fine wether working about the house

27    We fine wether cuting oats

28    Th fine wether working about

29    Fr fine wether working about

30    Sa dull wether working about

 

October

1      Su fine wether took a walk to town.

2      Mu fine wether working about

3      Tu fine wether took the rams from the ewes

4      We fine wether racking oats

5      Th fine wether carting oats

6      Fr fine wether working about

7      Sa fine wether marking and sorting shep

8      Su fine wether went to the new station with the lambs

9   Mu fine wether working about ??

10  Tu fine wether the steembot came for the troops[24]

11  We fine wether the steembot took away the troops

12  Th fine wether out with Mr Fraser

13  Fri fine wether out with Mr Fraser

14     Sa fine wether helping Cap Smith[25] to brand some catle

15     Su fine wether went to lopes island[26]

16     Mu working about the house

17     Tu   Dito

18     We   Dito

19     Th   Dito

20     Fr    Dito

21     Sa   Dito

22     Su went to the country with Irvine[27]

23     Mu went to victoria

24   Tu in Victoria

25   We in Victoria

26   Th in Victoria

27   Fr left Victoria

28   Sa took up my things from ??

29   Su sorting my rams and [went?] in to the cuntry after after the p[?]

30   Mu blowing went out with my ra[ms?]

31   Tu fine wether went to the cuntry ??

 

November

1       We fine wether start for the c??

2       Th fine wether diging potatoes

3       Fr fine wether diging potatoes

4       Sa fine wether diging potatoes

5       Su fine wether house keeping

6       Mu fine wether drisling rain helping Mr Bowker to sort his sheep

7       Tu fine wether halling wood

8       We fine wether halling wood

9       Th fine wether repairing fainsing

10    Fr fine wether repairing fainsing

11    Sa fine wether repairing fainsing

12    Su fine wether every thing quiet

13    Mu raining very hard went out with Bean Valpy[28] to ball hull[29]

14    Tu fine wether helping the Canacs[?]

15    We cold wind digin potatoes

16    Th rainaing all day

17    Fr fine wether digin potatoes

18    Sa a havy fall of snow catching pigs for Mr Mercer

19    Su blowing very hard with rain

20    Mu blowing very hard al day hunting after a bull

21    Tu blowing hard with rain

22    We fair wether working in the potatoes

23    Th working in the potatoes

24    Fr working in the potatoes

25    Sa fine wether working in the potatoes Peter helping

26    Su raining went to ball hill after oxen

27    Mu high winds with torants of rain

28    Tu high winds with torants of rain

29    We fine wether working in the potatoes

30    Th raining all day

31    Fr raining working at rot house

 

December

1       Fr raining working at the root house

2       Sa hard frost

3       Su hard frost

4       Mu hard frost

5       Tu hard frost halling wod for B Velpy

6       We drisling rain working at the rothonsens[?][30]

7       Th high cold wind hunting for Indians

8       Fr cold wind diging potatoes

9       Sa cold wind diging potatoes

10    Su cold wind and snow went to the new station with a month provishons

11    Mo very cold with black frost

12    Tu very cold black frost

[numbering is off at this point]

12 We cold frost

13    Th very cold hunting for a mair

14    Fr a havy fall of snow al day

15    Sa cold frost and snow

16    Su cold frost went to the new station

17    Mu came home still cold frost

18    Tu snowing all day

[correct numbering resumes]

20   We still cold

21   Th a havy fall of snow all day the the sheep shade broke down

22   Fr a litle milder went to the sheep station

23   Sa blowing and raining very hard came home from the scheep station

24   Su blowing hard and very cold at the sheep station

25   Mu Christmas day blowing very hard

26   Tu fresing went to the chandler prary after the pebly mair

27   We cold frost working about the house

28   Th cold went to the country after a stear

29   Fr brought home my stear from wedys[31]

30   Sa cold wether working about the house

31   Su every thing quiet

 

January the 1st 1866

1       Mu very frosty wether New years day

2       Tu at home all day

3       We still frosty went to the sheep station

4       Th brought my rams home from the station

5       Fr fine wether working at the shade

6       Sa fine wether working at the shade

7       Su fine wether curing my sheep

8       Mu fine wether dito

9       Tu fine dito

10    We fine halling from the shade

11    Th fine halling from the shade

12    Fr fine wether halling from the shade

13    Sa dito

14    Su blowing and very cold

15    Mu Snowing and blowing

16    Tu fresing and snowing very hard

17    We cold frost at home all day

18    Th still cold went to the sheep station

19    Fr a litle milder came home from the station

20    Sa rainin all day

21    Su warm rain went to the new station

22    Mu thick fock all day came home from the station

23    Tu cold wind and rain went to town and got some salmon and flower

24    We cold wind with havy showers clening out the barn

25    Th fine wether halling from the shade

26    Fr cold wind and rain thrashing peas

27    Sa ditto

28    Su cold wind with some snow

29    Mu fine wether repairing fainsing

30    Tu light frost diging potatoes

31    We still frosty digin potatoes

 

February

1       Th cold black frosty wind thrashing peas

2       Fr cold and frosty thrashing peas

3       Sa cold wind went to town with my oxen to hall a boat

4       Su snowing all day

5       Mu cold dry wind filling potatoes out of the pit

6       Tu fine wether shiping potatoes and sheep and for victoria

7       We blowing and raining very hard all day

8       Th blowing hard halling my small potatoes into the root house

9       Fr a litle milder went to the sheep station

10    Sa snow again working about the house

11    Su fine with some snow went to Mr hang[?][32]

12    Mu fine came home went to ball hill after the pebly mair

13    Tu hard frost working about the house

14    We fine wether with frost helping to ship catle for Mrs Hobs agreed Tlx[?] Mcdang[?]

15    Th frosty halling fire wood

16    Fr frosty comensed thrashing

17    Sa frosty tharishing in the farm and after noon went to town after a bbl of salt beef

18    Su fine wether went to Mr Blacks[33] after a cow

19    Mu fine thrashing and diging potatoes

20    Tu fine thrashing and diging potatoes

21    We fine repairing fainsing

22    Th fine ploughing went to a party a night

23    Fr fine very litle work done

24    Sa fine ploughing in the garding

25    Su cold and damp every thing quiet

26    Mu fine wether went to the sheep station to docter the sheep

27    Tu cold wind washing the sheep

28    We fine wether gathering and counting the sheep 23 short

 

March

1       Th fine wether working about the house

2       Fr fine wether went out to hanas with Bowker finished plowing in the litle field

3       Sa fine thrashing at hobes plowed mouses[?] garden

4       Su drisling rain went to hobes to look at some pigs

5       Mu damp and fogy plowing below the government garden[34]

6       Tu fine at plow

7       We fine at plow in the fore noon killed a beef in the after noon

8       Th fine at plow

9       Fr drisling rain all day

10    Sa still raining

11    Su went after my bull

12    Mu fine attack[?] at the sheep station at plow in the after noon

13    Tu fine at plow all day

14    We fine at plow alack[Alex?] at John W thrashing

15    Th ditto

16    Fr fine finished plow in the loer field

17    Sa fine went to tarols[?][35] after potatoes

18    Su rather cold huting after a bull

19    Mu cold wind helping Cy Smith to get up some cattle

20    Tu plowing for Mr Bowker

21    We blowing hard plowing for bowker

22    Th raining and blowin all day

23    Fr plowing for bowker

24    Sa fine wether went to hubes after pigs

25    Su fine went to peter losans

26    Mu fine shiping potatoes

27    Tu fine shiping potatoes

28    We blowing hard plowing for hannas[?]

29    Th cold halling fire wood

30    Fr rather cold planting potatoes in the garden

31    Sa fine halling logs in the fore noon drilling up the litle field in the afternoon

 

April

1       Su fine Mr and Mrs hana came to visit us

2       Mu fine planting potatoes and plowing for hegings[36]

3       Tu fine plowing for hegings

4       We fine finished hegings plowing

5       Th wet wether cuting potatoes

6       Fr mild sowin oats

7       Sa dry went to hubbs point

8       Su cold went to mount dales[37]

9       Mu cold rain clening oats for Mrs Hubbs

10    Tu cold halling logs

11    We cold halling logs

12    Th fine cuting lambs for Barker

13    Fr fine finished sowing the lower field

14    Sa cold wind fixing one of the houses

15    Su fine went to the sheep with a month rations

16    Mu high wind put the fence up roun the lower field

17    Tu fine sowed the uper field

18    We fine driling for potatoes

19    Th fine planted the uper patch of potatoes

20    Fr fine planting potatoes in the lower end

21    Sa rather damp finished planting potatoes

22    S fine every thing quiet

23    Mu fine went out after last of beans potatoes and killed fox

24    Tu raining picking potatoes

25    We fine working about the house

26    Th fine sowing some peas

27    Fr fine plowing in some peas

28    Sa fine ditto

29    Su fine killed litle Dick

30    Mu fine unwell

 

May

1       Tu fine went to hobes point with the cart

2       We fine went to Capten Valpy to plow

3       Th fine Dito

4       Fr fine Dito  baby sow

5       Sa fine finished at valpyes

6       Su fine went to the shep station

7       Mu fine planting potatoes and harowing peas

8       Tu fine comensed roling

9       We fine shearing my rams

10    Th fine shearing sheep

11    Fr fine finished

12    Sa fine working about

13    Su fine every thing quiet

14    Mu fine went to the shep station

15    Tu fine work about

16    We fine went to the island[38] with the rams

17    Th fine plowing for Mr Mercer

18    Fr fine finished Mr Mercer field

19    Sa a litle rain start for the sheep station

20    Su fine cut my lambs

21    Mu fine plowing at the sheep station

22    Tu Dito

23    We Dito

24    Th fine finished and came home

25    Fr fine howing potatoes

26    Sa raining all day picking potatoes

27    Su fine out and cut my bull

28    Mu fine cleaning potatoes

29    Tu fine cleaning potatoes

30    We fine finished howing the litle field

31    Th fine washing sheep

 

June

1       Fr fine howing potatoes

2       Sa fine howing potatoes

3       Su fine every thing quiet

4       Mu fine shearing sheep

5       Tu fine Dito

6       We fine Dito

7       Th fine finished sheep sharing

8       Fr fine boiling tobaco

9       Sa fine went to the island to see the rams

10    Su fine very quiet

11    Mu fine went out after the pebly mair

12    Tu rather cold diping sheep in tobaco

13    We fine Dito  finished

14    Th fine working about the house

15    Fr raining went out with the sheep and shipped some shee[p?] in the evening

16    Sa fine went to victoria

17    Su fine out at Irvines

18    Mu high wind sold my sheep

19    Tu came home from Victoria

20    We fine working about the house

21    Th fine howing potatoes

22    Fr fine howing potatoes and sowing turnips for Mr Mercer

23    Sa high wind howing potatoes

24    Su fine out at Cap Smiths at the meeting

25    Mu fine cleaning turnips at the new station

26    Tu fine Dito

27    We fine fixing the rase track[39]

28    Th fine making binches for the scool[40]

29    Fr fine plowing potatoes

30    Sa fine plowing potatoes

 

July

1       Su fine every thing quiet

2       Mu fine down town all day

3       Tu fine cleaning up round the house

4       We fine along with the excusion party[41]

5       Th fine at home all day

6       Fr fine working about the house

7       Sa fine howing potatoes at the new station

8       Su fine every thing quiet

9       Mu fine out after the valpy cow

10    Tu fine cuting three hands

11    We fine cuting tow[two?] hands

12    Th fine Dito

13    Fr fine Dito

14    Sa fine halling hay 6 load

15    Su fine killed a steer for Mrs Hubs

16    Mu fine halling hay 7 loads

17    Tu fine Dito 3 load

18    We fine after Mrs Hobs cow

19    Th fine cuting hay

20    Fri fine cuting hay and a pees[?] of oats

21    Sa fine broke my cart halling wood for Mr Mercer[?]

22    Su fine at home all day every thing quiet

23    Mu fine halled 4 lodes hay

24    Tu fine cuting oats for hay

We fine halling wood for Mr Mercer

25    We dull hunting after the valpy cow

26    Th fine halling wood for Mr Mercer

27    Fr fine Dito halling wood for Mr M

28    Sa fine working amongst the oat hay

29    Su fine went out to Capten thurstons[42] with the ox cart

30    Mu fine halling oat hay very fogy went to the sheep station

31    Tu fine Dito halling oat hay

 

August

1       We fine Dito

2       Th fine halling wood for Mr Mercer

 

Return

 



[1] Peter Lawson, a neighbor along the coast to the northwest, established a farm in 1859.

[2] The full name of Dick, who appears to be Firth’s farm hand, is not known.

[3] There were several fields established by the Hudson’s Bay Company at Bellevue Farm: a little (approximately six acre) field to the west and downhill of the “Establishment”; a large field of some 40-60 acres across the ravine; an upper field to the east of the compound and a lower field below that.  In general, the former two were planted in oats and carrots, while the latter two were planted in potatoes and turnips.

[4] The sheep station was probably the one at Friday Harbor.

[5] The “New Station” was originally established by the Company in late September, 1854.  Its precise whereabouts are unknown, although it was probably near Park Hill, just south of Friday Harbor.

[6] Chandler’s Prairie was the open grassy north of Friday Harbor near the University of Washington Labs; also identified as “Sheep Hill” on later maps.

[7] Paul K. Hubbs, Jr. (also herein spelled Hobs, Hubs, and Hobes, both capitalized and not) first came to San Juan Island as the US customs inspector in 1857; later, he established a farm on the southern tip of San Juan Island.  Apparently Hubbs had at least three wives, several of whom were Native American.  It is not clear which one the Mrs. Hubbs referred to is.

[8] Mcy?

[9] This probably refers to Kanakas, who were Hawaiians brought by the Company to the Northwest as laborers, particularly shepherds.  After the Company abandoned operations on the island, many left, but those that stayed settled near Kanaka Bay on the west side.

[10] Captain Wolf?

[11] Fletts?

[12] There is a “Little Man” referred to in Griffin’s Journals; perhaps this is the same person.

[13] San Juan Town, a collection of stores, bars, and brothels that grew up near the Company’s former wharf on Griffin Bay.

[14] Barker?

[15] “Hubb’s Point” was probably the current Cattle Point, near where the Hubbs had their farm.

[16] Lime Kiln, about midway on the west coast of the island, was the site of limestone mining and processing operations that was established by American soldiers and settlers in 1860.

[17] George Mercer was listed as a 41-year-old merchant in the 1866 “List of Residents”.

[18] “John W” could be John Witty, who farmed to the west of Firth during this period.

[19] John S. Bowker was a merchant and saloonkeeper at San Juan Town.  Bowker, who began to have run-ins with the commanding officers at American Camp in 1860, went out of business in November 1865.

[20] Thomas (1819-1908) and Mary Jane (1822-1902) Fleming came to the San Juan Island in 1863 and homesteaded in San Juan Valley.

[21] “Spring” appears to be a person (see September 1st entry below).

[22] This could be Thomas Thornton, who appears in the 1870 census as a 42-year-old seaman.

[23] Robert H. Frazer, a ship’s carpenter, arrived on San Juan Island in 1859.  He married Mary Jane, daughter of Thomas Fleming, and eventually farmed at the old Cutlar place to the northwest of American Camp.

[24] US troops departed ??

[25] Captain William Smith was one of the first dozen American settlers on San Juan Island.

[26] Lopez Island.

[27] Irvine?

[28] John Valpey appears on a list of residents in 1866 submitted to the commanding officer at American Camp.

[29] Bald Hill, located on the north end of Griffin Bay, is the site of a modern gravel mining operation that has reduced the hill to a pit.

[30] Rothonsens?

[31] Wedys?

[32] Hannah?  James and Minerva Hannah moved to the island in 1864 and homesteaded in San Juan Valley.  Their daughter Lila (1865-1954) married Firth’s son, Robert Jr.

[33] Black?

[34] The “Government garden”, which was farmed by US troops at American camp, was located just to the north of Firth’s place.

[35] This could be Benjamin Tirrel, a 54-year-old farmer listed in the 1870 census.

[36] J. D. Higgins was postmaster at San Juan Town and farmed near there.  In 1867 was evicted from the island by the US military commander Captain Gray.

[37] Mount Dallas is a high prominence on the west side of San Juan Island.  The Company had a sheep station called “Mountain Station” during the 1850s.

[38] Although the island to which Firth took his sheep is not identified, it could have been Dinner Island, which the Township and Range surveyors said was being used for rams in 1874.

[39] The racetrack was located on Home Prairie, the large expanse of open land to the south and west of American Camp and Firth’s place.

[40] School House Number 1 was built at Portland Fair this year by volunteer labor.

[41] A Fourth of July excursion party ca. 1875 is described in the reminiscences of Lila Hannah Firth. 

[42] Captain Thurston?